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Lymphomas

New Hope Medical Center has found that many times symptoms may be improved and possibly reversed with our Alternative Lymphomas Cancer treatment.

Lymphoma is a type of cancer that begins in the lymphocytes, which are cells that help fight infection. This condition happens when lymphocytes grow at an abnormal rate.

The lymphatic system is a part of the immune system that helps circulate fluids around the body. It is made up of lymphoid tissue, lymph, and lymphatic vessels.

Lymphocytes are the cells that make up the lymphoid tissue. The two major types of lymphocytes are B lymphocytes and T lymphocytes. B lymphocytes generate antibodies, while T cells have several types which have their own respective functions. Some fight bacteria or cells that are infected with virus while others are responsible for regulating the activity of other immune system cells.

Lymphoid tissues are scattered in different parts of the body and they are usually located in lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, thymus, adenoids and tonsils, and digestive tract. Because of this, lymphoma can develop almost anywhere in the body.

Lymphoma has different types, and it’s essential to know which classification of the disease you have so that you can explore appropriate treatment options. Lymphomas are categorized according to the cells they affect, the rate that they grow, and how they react to treatment.

Contents of this article:

 
There are two main types of lymphoma, and these are:

Hodgkin Lymphoma

Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of lymphoma that affects one lymph node after another or subsequently. It is more prevalent during early adulthood, between ages 15 and 40, and in late adulthood, from age 55 and beyond. It is rare for children under the age of five.

Hodgkin lymphoma is named after Dr. Thomas Hodgkin who is the first person to recognize the disease. In 2016, it is estimated that there will be 8,500 new cases of Hodgkin lymphoma and about 1,120 deaths resulting from it.

Hodgkin lymphoma has two types and these are:

Classic Hodgkin disease – Classic Hodgkin disease accounts for 95% of Hodgkin lymphoma cases. It is detected when there’s an appearance of Reed-Sternberg cells, which are abnormal types of B lymphocytes. It has four other subtypes such as nodular sclerosis Hodgkin disease, mixed cellularity Hodgkin disease, lymphocyte-rich Hodgkin disease, and lymphocyte-depleted Hodgkin disease.

Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin disease – Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin disease is rare and only accounts for 5% of Hodgkin lymphoma cases. It is characterized by large cells called popcorn cells because they resemble the appearance of the said snack staple. Popcorn cells are a variation of Reed-Sternberg cells.

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the most common type of lymphoma. It accounts for about 4% of all cancer cases in the United States. In 2016, it is estimated that about 72,580 people will be diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma and 20,150 people will die of the disease. One in 50 is the average American’s risk of developing the disease in a lifetime.

There are different types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and they are typically classified on whether they affect B-cells or T-cells.

Non-Hodgkin lymphomas that affect the B-cells include diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, mantle cell lymphoma, marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, hairy cell leukemia, and primary central nervous system lymphoma. T-Cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas include precursor T-lymphoblastic lymphoma and peripheral T-Cell lymphomas.
 

Symptoms

Various symptoms can manifest due to lymphoma. Below is an outline of the symptoms according to the type of the disease.

Hodgkin lymphoma
● Lumps felt in the neck, groin or underneath the arm that are usually painless
● Fever
● Itching skin
● Tiredness
● Appetite Loss
● Cough
● Difficulty breathing
● Chest pain
● Night sweats
● Unexplained weight loss

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
● Swollen lymph nodes
● Enlarged abdomen or belly
● Feeling full even with just small food intake
● Chest painless
● Cough
● Shortness of Breath
● Headache
● Difficulty with through process
● Seizures
● Personality Changes
● Itchiness
● Lumps
● Low blood cell count
● Unexplained weight loss
● Night sweats
● Fever
● More susceptible to bruising or bleeding due to low blood platelet count
● Fatigue
● Severe Infection

It’s important to note that some of the symptoms may also be signs of different medical conditions apart from lymphoma. If your body is manifesting any of the signs listed above, it’s best to seek medical attention as soon as possible. This way, you can diagnose the problem early and get treated for it before it becomes worse.
 

Risk Factors

What makes someone susceptible to lymphoma? Here’s an outline of risk factors that affect your chances of incurring the disease.

Hodgkin lymphoma
● Infection and viruses such as HIV and Epstein-Barr virus mononucleosis
● Age – Hodgkin lymphoma is more common between the ages of 15 and 40 and beyond age 55.
● Gender – Hodgkin lymphoma is slightly more prevalent in males than females.
● Family history – An identical twin of a person with Hodgkin lymphoma is also at high risk for the disease. Other family health links are quite rare.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
● Age – Most non-Hodgkin lymphomas affect people who are 60 and older
● Gender – Generally, it is more common in men, but some types are more prevalent in women.
● Radiation exposure
● Weak immune system due to organ transplant, HIV, and genetic syndromes
● Autoimmune diseases
● Infection
● Being overweight or obesity
● Breast implants

 

Prevention

There’s no known way to prevent lymphoma because the cause of the disease is yet to be determined. For now, the best way to keep lymphoma at bay as much as possible is to lessen the risk factors that you can control. While they are not many, regulating them is still a better course of action than doing nothing and simply hoping for the best that lymphoma will not affect you and your loved ones.

  • Protect and enhance your immune system. Boost your immunity and avoid infections that can compromise it such as HIV. Avoid sharing of needles and unprotected intercourse with multiple partners.
  • Live a healthy lifestyle. Eat a balanced diet, stay physically active and get enough hours of sleep each day. When you take care of yourself, you lessen your chances of getting sick and you boost your body’s defenses against diseases.
  • If you have been detected with lymphoma, there’s no reason to fret and think that you have been given a death sentence. There are treatment options that can help address the disease and help you live a good quality of life.

Explore treatment options for Lymphoma and let New Hope Unlimited help you. We’re here to give you a choice. Please give us a call and let’s fight Lymphoma together.


 

Diagnostic tests for detection

Lymphoma can be diagnosed through different ways such as:

● Medical and physical examination – This typically follow after a patient goes for consultation because of the manifestation of symptoms. There will be an investigation about your possible risk factors for lymphoma, family health history, and other medical conditions. Physical exam will also follow suit and it involves feeling around the areas of the body where swollen lymph nodes are apparent, which may include the abdomen, spleen, and liver.

● Blood test – This is done to examine the cell count in the body

● Bone marrow biopsy – This is recommended to detect lymphoma cells inside the spongy part of the bone.

● Chest x-ray – This is conducted in order to see the chest in detail and see signs of an enlarged lymph nodes.

● MRI – This procedure is done in order to generate pictures and images of organs and other body structures.

● PET Scan – This is done in order to detect cancer cells with the use of radioactive substance.

● Molecular test – This is done to detect the kind of lymphoma a patient has through looking for changes in genes, proteins and substances.

 

Glossary

● Adenoids and Tonsils – are parts of the lymphatic system that are located at the back of the nose (adenoids) and throat (tonsils). They keep germs and infection from entering the body through the mouth and nose.

● Antibody – It is a protein produced by the body in order to fight antigens or harmful substances. It plays a crucial role in the immune system.

● Autoimmune Diseases – are disorders that occur when the immune system perceives healthy cells as harmful substances and end up attacking or fighting them.

● Bone Marrow – is a sponge-like tissue inside the bones where blood cells are produced.

● Epstein-Barr Virus – is a common type of virus that’s transmitted through the saliva, blood, and semen. It is usually referred to as mono or kissing disease.

● Lymph Nodes – These are glands that are found throughout the body where lymphocytes are formed.

● Spleen – is an organ responsible for filtering the blood. It belongs to the immune system and is located in the abdomen.

● Thymus – is a gland that produces thymosins or the hormones that triggers the growth of antibodies and produces T-lymphocytes.

stop feeling helpless to your disease... you still have options!

480-473-9808

stop feeling helpless to your disease... you still have options!

480-473-9808
New Hope Medical