Cervical Cancer


New Hope Medical Center has found that many times symptoms may be improved and possibly reversed with our Alternative Cervical Cancer Treatment.

 

Cancer of the Cervix develops in the lining of the cervix which is in the lower part of the uterus (womb). The cervix unites the body of the uterus to the vagina. Cervical cancer is the 2nd most common cancer of the female reproductive tract and usually affects women in their 40s to 55 years of age.

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cervical cancer

Cervical cancer develops in the lining of the cervix which is in the lower part of the uterus (womb). The cervix unites the body of the uterus to the vagina.

Cervical cancer is known to develop overtime. It is important for women to get routine pap smears and check-ups with their physician. If precancerous cells are detected early, cancer may be prevented. Like other forms of cancer, if cervical cancer is diagnosed within its early stages, the patient has a greater chance of going into remission.

Current estimates show that there will be approximately 12,990 new cases of invasive cervical cancer in 2016. In the same year, about 4,120 will die from the disease.

Cervical cancer used to be a common cause of cancer-related death among American women, but thanks to the rise of Pap smear testing, cervical cancer death rate has decreased in half in the last 40 years.

 

Types of Cervical Cancer

There are three main types of cervical cancers and these are:

  • Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of cervical cancer, accounting for about 90% of cases and they begin in the exocervix.
  • Adenocarcinoma of the cervix accounts for 5% to 20% of cervical cancer and develops from the glands. It has been observed that adenocarcinomas are becoming more common in women who were born in the last 20 to 30 years.
  • Adenosquamous carcinomas have the characteristics of both of squamous cell carcinomas and adenocarcinomas and are less common.

 

Symptoms

Early cervical cancer symptoms is sometimes painless or may not produce symptoms. The first sign may be an abnormal pap smear. Other symptoms may include:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding or spotting
  • Bleeding after intercourse
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Low back pain
  • Pelvic pain
  • Dyspareunia or painful sexual intercourse
  • Dysuria or painful urination

 

Risk Factors 

The cause of cervical cancer is still unknown, but there are factors that affects a person’s risk to the disease.

Human papillomavirus virus (HPV) is the most important risk factor to speak of. Normally, a female will develop this virus before she develops cervical cancer. There are over a 100 different types of papillomaviruses; and some types, especially when they become severe, can lead to cervical cancer.

Many times a woman with a good immune system is successful in fighting off HPV and does not need to undergo treatment. One of the ways the virus is acquired is through sexual contact.

  • Chlamydia is a common vaginal infection that puts a woman at greater risk for cervical cancer. It’s a condition that’s spread through sexual contact and affects the vagina, cervix, urethram, penis, and in some cases, the eye or throat. Chlamydia can also lead to infertility.
  • Certain dietary patterns such as low intake of fruits and vegetables may also be a risk factor for cervical cancer. Research shows that overweight women are more likely to develop cervical cancer along with other types of cancers such as breast cancer.
  • Smoking increases a woman’s risk two-folds for cervical cancer and make them more prone to other types of cancers and diseases.
  • A weak immune system due to HIV and autoimmune diseases makes a woman more susceptible to cervical cancer. HIV or human immunodeficiency virus is responsible for causing AIDS, which puts the immune system at a compromised state. Meanwhile, medication for autoimmune conditions suppress immune system function.
  • Prolonged use of oral contraceptives can be linked to cervical cancer risk. A woman’s chances of incurring the disease may be doubled when she uses oral contraceptives for more than five years.
  • Intrauterine device is found to lessen cervical cancer risk. However, it’s still best to weigh its advantages and disadvantages with your doctor so that you can determine whether it’s the best choice for you or not.
  • Having more than three full-term pregnancies increases cervical cancer risk. While experts still don’t find a clear link between pregnancies and cervical cancer, some believe that unprotected sex (in order to get pregnant) and hormonal changes may be responsible why mothers of three or more children are more prone to the disease. In addition, women who gave birth before 17 years old are twice more likely to develop cervical cancer as opposed to those who didn’t get pregnant until age 25.
  • A history of cervical cancer in the family can double or triple a woman’s risk for developing the condition.
  • Low intake of fruits and vegetables and being overweight can also put a woman at a higher risk for cervical cancer.
  • Socio-economic status also plays a role in a woman’s risk. Those who are experiencing poverty may not have access or means to undergo pap tests, which is an essential cervical cancer screening procedure.

 

Prevention

  • Cervical cancer can be kept at bay through early detection of pre-cancers and steering clear of risk factors that you can control.
  • Women should go for regular Pap smear and HPV tests to detect pre-cancer conditions early on and address them before they actually develop into cervical cancer.
  • At the same time, it also pays to be protected during sexual intercourse, especially for those who are sexually active and have multiple partners. This helps avoid contact with HPV, a major risk factor to cervical cancer, and other sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Making smarter lifestyle choices like quitting tobacco use and going for a healthy diet can also help lessen a woman’s likelihood of developing the disease.

 

Diagnostic Tests for Detection

Cervical cancer can be detected through several procedures. Usually, these tests are recommended if you have an abnormal Pap test result.

  • Colposcopy – A colposcopy is a procedure that examines the cervix and gives a magnified view of its wall, which allows the doctor to see if there are abnormal areas.
  • Biopsy – Biopsy is a procedure that involves collecting sample tissues in the cervix to determine the presence of cancer.
  • Imaging tests – Imaging tests such as X-ray, CT scan, MRI, intravenous urography, and positron emission tomography can be done to generate detailed views of the interior parts of the body and detect cancer presence and metastasis.

Cervical cancer remains a top health concern for women all over the world, and New Hope Medical Center is here to provide a variety of treatment options for the disease. Our goal is to address the condition without compromising the quality of life of our patients. If you want to know more about holistic cancer treatment options, we’d be happy to assist you.

Glossary

  • Benign – not malignant; not recurrent; not cancerous.
  • Biopsy – the removal and examination of a small piece of tissue from the living body to determine if cancer cells are present.
  • Chemotherapy – a treatment for disease by using chemical agents.
  • Chlamydia – a bacterial infection spread by sexual contact which can infect the female reproductive tract.
  • Metastasis – cancer spread
  • Dysplasia – abnormal cells found on a pap smear report which shows alteration in size, shape, and organization of adult cervical cells.
  • Dyspareunia – difficult or painful intercourse.
  • Dysuria – painful or difficult urination.
  • Precancerous cells – cells which tend to become cancerous cells; a pathologic process that eventually tends to become malignant.

 

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