Lung Cancer


New Hope Unlimited has found that many times symptoms may be improved and possibly reversed with our alternative lung cancer treatments.

New Hope Medical Center is geared towards providing cancer patients with treatment options that are holistic and help promote good quality of life. Among our services are lung cancer alternative treatments and over the years, we have seen how these methods have helped improved symptoms. We believe that it’s very important to build the body’s immune system while doing an anti-tumor program. The more you build the body’s immune system, the greater strength it will have to help fight off cancer.

Aside from being aware of your treatment options, battling lung cancer begins with being armed with essential information about the disease. Below is an outline of what you need to know about lung cancer.

Contents of this article:

lung cancer

In the United States, lung cancer is presently the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women, accounting for 1 out of 4 cancer deaths. In 2016, there will be an estimated 224,390 new cases of lung cancer and about 158,080 deaths resulting from the condition.

The lungs are respiratory organs that are responsible for supplying oxygen throughout the body. Normally, lung cells reproduce in order to maintain healthy tissues and repair old, aged, and damaged cells. However, there can be an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both lungs. Unlike healthy cells, abnormal cells will develop into tumors that can affect the overall condition and function of the lungs.

Lung cancer can to the other lung, brain, bone, liver, adrenals, lymph nodes, and skin. Meanwhile, cancers that originated from the breast, colon, prostate, kidney, thyroid, stomach, rectum, cervix, testis, bone, and melanoma can metastasize to the lungs.

There are two major types of lung cancer—non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer.

Non-small cell lung cancer makes up the majority of lung cancer cases, accounting for 80% to 85%. it has three subtypes and these are:

    • Squamous cell carcinoma – Also known as epidermoid carcinoma, this type of non-small cell lung cancer usually begins in the lining of the bronchial tubes.
    • Adenocarcinoma – It is typically found in the mucus glands.
    • Large cell carcinoma – It usually forms on the surfaces of the lungs and has the ability to
      grow rapidly.

 

On the other hand, small cell lung cancer is a rare type of lung cancer that accounts for only about 10% to 15% of cases.

Symptoms

The development of lung cancer can be signaled by certain signs and symptoms. These are:

      • Persistent cough
      • Blood in the phlegm or mucus
      • Coughing up blood
      • Voice that become hoarse or raspy
      • Shortness of breathing
      • Wheezing
      • Chest pain
      • Stridor or harsh sounds that come with breathing
      • Persistent or recurrent respiratory problems such as pneumonia and bronchitis
      • Unexplained weight loss
      • Appetite loss
      • Fatigue
      • Cachexia – weakness or wasting away of the body involving extreme weight and muscle loss
      • Headache
      • Pain in the joints and bones
      • Memory loss
      • Unsteady gait
      • Swollen face or neck
      • Bleeding

The symptoms listed above may also signify other health conditions aside from lung cancer. Since that is the case, it’s best to seek medical advice for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Risk factors

A person’s chances of developing lung cancer is usually influenced by certain risk factors such as:

      • Smoking – Smoking is a primary risk factor for lung cancer, accounting for about 90% of cases. A person’s chances are correlated with the number of cigarettes smoked and the period of time spent on the habit.
      • Passive Smoke – Also known as second-hand smoke, passive smoke is also a risk factor for lung cancer. Experts say that a person residing with a smoke is said to have a 24% increased chance of developing lung cancer.
      • Exposure to Radon – Radon is a radioactive gas that naturally occurs in the environment. While it is odorless and colorless, exposure to it can increase a person’s risk of lung cancer.
      • Exposure to other substances – Being exposed to other substances such as asbestos, arsenic, diesel exhaust, and certain forms of silica and chromium can affect lung cancer risk.
      • History of lung cancer – If you have family members who had a history of lung cancer, you may be at a higher risk of developing the condition. Just the same, lung cancer survivors are still at risk for developing a new case of the disease.
      • Radiation – If you previously received radiation therapy to the chest, your lung cancer
        risk can be higher.

Lung conditions – Certain lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and pulmonary fibrosis (scarring of the lung) puts a person at a higher risk for lung cancer.

Prevention

If you want to reduce your chances of lung cancer, you can make lifestyle choices to minimize certain risk factors.

Stop smoking. As much as possible, steer clear of tobacco use or from inhaling other people’s smoke to reduce your cancer risk. If you’re a smoker, this will not just help your lungs recuperate from damages caused by tobacco use, but it will also help you live a longer life and less susceptible to other health conditions.

Limit exposure to substances that can increase your lung cancer risk such as radon, asbestos, and other cancer-causing chemicals.

Diagnostic Tests for Detection

Lung cancer can be diagnosed through different types of exams and screenings. To detect the disease, the following tests are usually recommended:

      • Physical exam – Just like with other types of cancer and health conditions, the first step to diagnosing lung cancer is through physical examination. During this procedure, you will consult and discuss with your doctor regarding your risk factors and symptoms.
      • Sputum cytology – This procedure examines a person’s sputum with the use of a microscope to detect cancer cells.
      • Chest x-ray – Chest x-ray is a type of imaging test that generates a detailed picture of the lungs and other parts of the chest. It is a common procedure that can be done in clinics, hospitals, and imaging centers.
      • CT scan – CT scan is another type of imaging test that generates cross-sectional images of the body. This procedure creates a more detailed picture of the lungs and can better detect tumors and cancer spread.

Glossary

      • Bronchi – the large airway that runs from the trachea to the lungs.
      • Metastasis – the transfer of cancer from one organ to another.
      • Radiation – a treatment for disease using high-frequency ionizing radiation.
      • Trachea – the windpipe connecting the larynx and the bronchi.

Sources:
www.cancer.org
www.mayoclinic.org
www.cdc.govwww.medicinenet.com
www.medicalnewstoday.com
www.lungcancer.org